Disability Access: Building a Bathroom for Physically Disabled
Private residences with disabled family members should build a bathroom that focuses on comfort and ease of access. While you have the option not to follow the guidelines provided by the Americans with Disabilities Act, it could serve as a good reference point when remodeling or building your bath.
Following the plumbing code or guidelines can help you avoid headaches in future. It is also important to hire plumbing contractors to avoid plumbing violations and neighbor complains.
The best bathroom sink is wall-mounted or comes in the form of a pedestal, as it provides more open space beneath. Any type of sink will do, but you have to make sure that it will give users enough room to move their chair freely. The Americans With Disabilities Act suggests having a sink with at least 17 inches clearance under the sink and the top area should be 32 to 34 inches off the floor.
Toilets should be positioned between two support bars, 36 inches apart. The seat should also be 17 inches off the floor, as this is the most comfortable height for physically disabled people. You can build this a little higher or lower according to your preference. Also, make sure that the flush is easily reachable from a seated position.
The bathroom space should have at least 60 inches clearance in all directions. It is important to remember the space needs to have ample room for rotating the wheelchair under a wall-hanging sink. It is advisable to adjust the layout of bathroom appliances and hardware to suit the needs of the disabled.
Ideally, disabled bathroom doorways should have 32 inches of space to accommodate the chair. The minimum requirement is 30 by 48 inches of clear floor space on both sides of the doorway. You can still customize the size, however, particularly if you need more room or if you are building for a larger electric chair.
The right plumbing design should be the main consideration for property owners. If you’re planning to renovate an old building, you will need a bathroom that complies with disability access code. Browse through our website and find out how we can help build a bath with comfort and ease of access in mind.